Additionally, as explained in greater detail below, the laws have had significant negative impacts on public health and safety, such as:
- Rising rates of pot use by minors
- Increasing arrest rates of minors, especially black and Hispanic children
- Higher rates of traffic deaths from driving while high
- More marijuana-related poisonings and hospitalizations
- A persistent black market that may now involve increased Mexican cartel activity in Colorado
The federal government, through the Department of Justice (DOJ), announced it would initially take a hands-on approach to state implementation of legalization, promising to track eight specific consequences—from youth marijuana use to use on public lands—and determine action later. So far, however, neither the federal nor state authorities have implemented a robust public tracking system for these criteria. This failure led the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to criticize DOJ in 2016 for not appropriately monitoring and documenting legalization outcomes. As of the date of this publication, there has been no word from the Department of Justice about state marijuana program compliance with any of the eight criteria it identified. Quietly, however, state agencies such as the Colorado Department of Public Safety, have released very negative updates on marijuana data and other indicators.
In the meantime, the promises of tax revenue windfalls and decreased crime have not materialized. Pot tax revenue comprises a tiny fraction of the Colorado state budget— less than one percent—and after costs of enforcement are subtracted, the remaining revenue is very limited. Colorado schools have not received money for new teachers or smaller class sizes despite pot taxes. And in Washington, half of the marijuana tax money legalization advocates promised for prevention and schools has been siphoned into the state’s general fund.